Incorporating Differentiated Instruction and Bloom’s Taxonomy in President’s Day Lesson

Last week, I taught my 3rd grade students a President’s Day’s lesson that incorporated all four learning modalities (visual, auditory, kinesthetic, and tactile). The purpose of incorporating all four learning modalities was to differentiate instruction so that the material became more appealing to students which subsequently increased their engagement/participation.

When designing the lesson, taking into account differentiated instruction and the four different learning modalities was a challenge. Visual and auditory learning was easier to incorporate because I am fond of using posters and explaining them when I teach. On the other hand, I found myself wondering how to incorporate kinesthetic and tactile learning.

Ultimately, I thought the best way to incorporate kinesthetic and tactile learning was by making a memory match game. In the game Memory, players are given a set of cards which they have to place face down on the table. Afterwards, players take turns flipping two cards over at a time and trying to find the two cards that are the same. The player with the most cards at the end is the winner. I adjusted the game Memory so that I made my students find the pair that correctly matched the word/picture with its definition.

For example, one card showed a picture of a penny and a separate card said “costs 1 cent.” Students would then have to remember what the definition of a penny was and simultaneously remember where the two cards were located. When students played this game, they were extremely engaged because they wanted to win the game and obtain the most cards. Also, students were motivated to learn the material, such as “Who was George Washington and Abraham Lincoln?” so that they could match the two correct cards together. Students also had the opportunity to make a visual, auditory, and kinesthetic connection while playing the game since they had to see, hear, and touch the card simultaneously.

Here are all the cards I used to create my President’s Day memory match game:




To further enhance the lesson, I implemented several Bloom’s Taxonomy strategies to check to see how much my students learned about Presidents’ Day. Initially, I had students watch a short video about George Washington and Abraham Lincoln that was created by Disney. Afterwards, I had students fill out a worksheet with the following directions:

Draw a picture of an important moment in the life of either George Washington or Abraham Lincoln in the rectangle below. Afterward, write down on the lines below what happened during that moment and why it was important.

By giving students the opportunity to both write and draw what they learned, they were able to demonstrate both the Knowledge level and Comprehension level of Bloom’s Taxonomy. Explaining why they thought the event was important in the lives of Washington and Lincoln showed that they were able to construct meaning from the material. Also, if a student is not particularly strong in writing, they had the opportunity to draw their answer and vice versa.

Here are examples of the worksheets that my students completed:



If you would like the cards for the President’s Day memory match game or a template of the President’s Day worksheet, leave a message in the comments below!


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